Short Game Process

The Short Game Process

In this week’s lesson, we’re going to take a look at how improving your short game process to practice and play can massively improve your success round the greens.

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It’s amazing how many golfers tell me how “great” they are in practice but how little of that greatness transfers to the golf course.

Where is your focus?

A lot of this has to do with focus. In practice, where there are no real consequences to missing a shot (there’s always the next ball), the mind is focused on the process of hitting the shot (picking the target, visualizing and rehearsing the shot, etc.) with little thinking going on over the ball. On the course, where the player is more concerned about the outcome, they feel pressure to play a good shot. This shift of focus causes changes in the body and mind when compared to the consequence-free environment of practice.

Firstly, because the outcome is considered to be more important on the course, the player will often think more about the action of the swing and try to control it (“internal focus”), instead of letting the intention for the shot (“external focus”) create the swing.

At the same time, thinking about the possible negative outcomes (what they don’t want to happen and what they might look like to others) causes performance anxiety (tension in the muscles and loss of focus).

These changes affect both the connection with the shot and the messages being sent to the muscles and explain why they play less of those “great” shots they hit in practice.

What is a “Process”?

A process is something you do irrespective of outcome, but gives you the best chance of getting the desired outcome. No matter how good your skills are in golf, you have to realize and accept that you will never have complete control of the outcome. For any round of golf, you need to train yourself in being able to focus on process, and let the outcome take care of itself.

Focus is probably the most important thing you can improve to play better on the course. This is why I created my “mental game scorecard”, which forms the basis of my mental game training program, as it holds you accountable to process focus during your shots. When we make process the goal, we lower performance anxiety and distraction, and you are more free to engage with the intention for the shot you have in front of you.

The Short Game Process

The short game is a blend of smart golf IQ and creativity. It’s about thinking about (and knowing from practice) the best possible shot to play and then engaging the right side of the brain (the athletic mind) to play the shot.

Players who struggle with the short game have too much interference from the thinking (left) side of the brain, during the entire shot process. The thinking side of the brain is great when planning shots, but it’s not good at playing them!

Let’s take a look at where your focus should be during your short game process to maximize your chances of success from around the greens.

Phase 1: The Thinking (or “Decision”) Phase

What is the best shot to play? This is determined by factors such as lie, slope, amount of green to work with, wind etc. Generally speaking, (if possible) you should get the ball rolling on the green as quickly as possible.

Phase 2: The Rehearsal Phase

The short game is too much about finesse and use fine motor skills for you to think about the action while doing it. Instead, we need to connect with the look and feel of the shot before we play it. This tells the movement centers of the brain which muscles to use to play that particular shot.

I’m sure you’ve noticed that when your short game is at its best, it’s when you are using your imagination to visualize the shot and imagining/rehearsing how the shot will feel. The rehearsal phase is about creating a feeling for the visual image of the shot.

Phase 3: The Engagement (or “Athletic”) Phase

It’s highly important to stay focused on the anticipated “feels” for the shot when over the ball, instead of allowing thoughts to interfere. When you watch Tour players on the TV, you’ll notice that when they are over the ball getting ready to play the shot, they are constantly glancing at the target (and seeing the shot in their mind’s eye). For many amateurs, they get static, staring down at the ball and disconnecting from the intention for the shot. I call this the athletic phase, because when you’re athletic, you’re reacting, not being proactive and static.

Phase 4: The Post Shot Routine

If the shot was good or good enough, be happy about it and anchor it. If you didn’t play the shot as well as you would have liked, evaluate your short game process and see if there was something in it that you could have done better (focus, commitment, golf IQ, etc). Once you’ve done that, put it behind you quickly and get back to the present moment.

Practicing the short game

I’m not discounting learning the proper techniques to play different shots, but too many golfers don’t do enough variable and competitive practice. By variable practice, I mean playing a different shot each time (different lie, trajectory, carry, club etc). This is how you learn the feels for different shots. By competitive practice, I mean giving yourself challenges to complete during every practice session. During these challenges, you train yourself to focus on the process (and figure out what it needs to be), just as you would on the course. Add space between each shot (like you have on the course) and increase your heart rate by running on the spot.

If you’d like a full range of different short game drills, please check out the training program.

Next time you’re practicing or playing, notice where your focus is during your short game shots and stick to the 4 phases of the short game process. If you can do so, I’m confident you’ll see improvement.

Learn more about the Mental Game Scorecard

David MacKenzie

is a mental golf coach and lives in Washington DC. He is the founder of Golf State of Mind, a teaching program designed to help golfers condition their minds to overcome fear and play with confidence.

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